Tsavo West National Park
- Where is Tsavo East National Park ?
- Who manage Tsavo West National Park
- History of Tsavo West National Park
- Coming of Arabs in the Coast Of Kenya
- Attractions in the Tsavo West National Park
Where is Tsavo West National Park
Tsavo West National park is found in Kenya Taita Taveta county, the park was separated from Tsavo East National park for easy administration in 1948. Tsavo East National park covers an area of nine thousand and sixty-five square kilometers 9,065 square kilometers. Tsavo East National Park, Tsavo, West National Park, Amboseli National park, and Chyullu hills form what is called the Tsavo conservation area?
How can you acces Tsavo west National Park?
You can access Tsavo West National Park by using the Mombasa- Nairobi highway by road, or you can use the Ikanga Airstrip in Voi and Ziwani Airstrip in Taveta. The nearest Airports are Mombasa International Airport and Arusha Airport in Tanzania
Who manages Tsavo West National Park?
Kenya wildlife services are responsible management of the Tsavo West National Park
Tsavo West National Park is a popular destination because of its abundant wildlife, Mzima springs, lake Challa and lake Jipe, Chaimu crater and birds, and Ngulia Rhinos sanctuary are the major attractions in Tsavo West National Park.
History of the Tsavo West National Park
The tribes of people who live around this national park are the Taita or the Wadawida and the Wataveta, The Wadawida (Taita) are the majority and the Taveta are few. The Wadaida are now days called the Taita, most of them are brown Africans found in Taita Taveta County, The Taveta are black Africans found in Taveta.
The tribes around the Tsavo area migrated from Sungwaya because they needed more land for their animals, water shortage, agriculture, and diseases. The tribes came and settled in the Tsavo area, the Wadawida kept domestic animals and farming with few of them started to hunt animals and making beehives but there is no evidence that they killed elephants for ivory before the coming of the British to colonize East Africa. The Wataita’s or Wadawidas have been living with wildlife for man years. They claim that 60 percent of their land was gazzeted a national park by the colonial government. The Wadawida moved and settled on Taita hill and only came to the low lands (semi-arid) which they call Nyika to look after their herds of Cattle, goats, and sheep.
Breeds of Cattle in Tsavo West National Park
The people kept zebu cattle, the zebu cattle are cows that can live in very drought areas of Africa, they also resist many diseases caused by parasites lie ticks and tsetse flies.
The cattle were kept in the lower semi-arid areas they call a semi-arid place ” Nyika” those who were farmers lived in the Taita Hills. The Ranch is called a Maranuin Taita language.
During the rainy seasons which lasted for three months, the women will come to the low lands “Nyika” to cultivate cereals like corn, cowpeas after harvesting they would carry the food to the hills on their heads and donkeys. The houses that they build were round thatched with grass on the roof. The cooking pots were pots made of clay.
The coming of Arabs in coast and Tsavo
During 1700 AD Arabs started to arrive in Mombasa, some came because of, political and religious persecutions others came to trade on the coast of Kenyans, since most of the Arabs were bachelors they married African women and spread their culture on the coast of Kenya that culture is what we call the Swahili culture.
The Arabs started to do business with the interior of Kenya, the goods they traded with were cowries’ shells, beads, ivory, and cat skins and later they started the slave trade, most people of the Tsavo were taken as captives.
The sultan was the one governing the entire coast of Kenya, from the Indian ocean to sultan Hamud on your way to Nairobi.
19th Century the British came to East Africa and they wanted to colonize Kenya, they first settled in Mombasa and learned Kiswahili, then they started to move to the interior of Kenya, majority of them came with more sophisticated weapons than the Africans and started to hunt the big five in Tsavo area,
In 1898 the British started building the Kenya Uganda railways in Kenya from Mombasa to Uganda. The communities that lived around the Tsavo West area did not cooperate with the British because they thought that the British could take their land, on the other hand they had seen people being taken as slaves. The communities revolted against the British government, the British government had to bring Indians to build the Kenya Uganda railway.
The building of the Kenya Uganda railway started in Mombasa, as it reached Tsavo National park a human-wildlife occurred and has been documented even acted on films like Ghost in the dark.
The Indians who had no idea how to live in a land with many big five wildlife found themselves in Tsavo where they had to face devouring lions. It is In Tsavo East National Park where the the man eating lions were killing the railway construction workers, During the night a coalition of two maneless lions would come and kill a worker at the camp. After killing the victim the two lions would carry the corpse to a cave about one and a half kilometers in the Tsavo West National Park, remember the two national parks are separated by the Mombasa Nairobi highway.
A British administrator Colonel Petersen was given duties by the British government to supervise the construction of the Tsavo Bridge and the Railway in Tsavo River found himself in a dilemma when he saw his workers being killed. The railway was stopped for about nine months.
12 December 1898 is when Colonel Petersen used bait and shot the first man-eaters lion, two weeks later he shot the second lion. In the historic site, you will see the cave, the camp where people were staying, the railway line, also the houses (ruins) of Administrators that were built in 1898. If you would like to book for this safari you can have a one day tour of Tsavo East National Park or Tsavo West National Park, a Two-day tour of Tsavo East National Park and Tsavo West National Park, or a three-day tour of Tsavo East National Park Tsavo West National Park and Amboseli National Park.
Attractions in Tsavo Eat National Park
East African Rhincerous of Tsavo West National Park
In 1970 hundreds of thousands of rhinos were in the Africa savannah, due to the high demand for rhinoceros horns in Asia, many rhinoceros were poached and killed, today there can be 20,000 rhinos in the world.
In 1971 efforts were put in place to rescue the rhinos, conservation experts came together and started a rhino sanctuary in the Tsavo West National Park, it started with only fourteen Eastern African Black rhinos. These rhinoceros are a subspecies of the black rhinos; the East African black rhinoceros have a characteristic of long, leaner, and more curved horns. They are very aggressive are good at eating grass during the day. They get the water from natural water holes but during the very dry seasons, an artificial water hole is created to supply them with water.
Today the number of rhinos has increased to a total of 80 black rhinos in conservation.
The Ngulia Rhino sanctuary has helped in protecting the engendered rhinos in Kenya, As you see this wildlife you can view mount Kilimanjaro.
African Savannah Elephants
Tsavo West National Park is home to many African savanna elephants, the African savanna elephants are the largest elephants in the world, during the day you will see them roaming the Tsavo West National Park, they are also called the red dust elephants of Tsavo. They can be easily seen in the water holes and lakes. Sometimes elephants from the Tsavo East National Park and Amboseli National Park migrate to Tsavo West National park. A herd of elephants is lead by a cow; the cow is called a Matriarch.
Lions of Tsavo West National Park
The Tsavo west national park is a home pride of lions, the kind of lions you will see in the Tsavo west national Park are the Maleness lions, they are very good stoking skills, this enables them to live in a semi-arid national park. Two lions in that national park killed a total of 135 railway construction workers around Tsavo River and Tsavo Bridge.
Buffalos of Tsavo West National Park
Buffalos are big five wildlife mammals, buffalos mostly don’t see clearly during the day, so they are very active during the night, they are herbivores and can be see browsing during the night. they have a very good sense of smell. Their main predators are lions.
Zebras of Tsavo West National Park
Zebras are wildlife mammals that belong to the horse family, they look like donkeys in shape but they are very large in size, they have beautiful patterns of black and white but all pattern are very unique, no two zebras can have a similar pattern, zebras are territorial mammals, each family of Zebras as a stallion, the stallions are always at the back. The stallions are for defense and mating with the females.
Mzima spring in Tsavo West National Park
Mzima spring is a natural reservoir in the national park, the sources of the spring are in Chyullu hills, Chyullu is a composition of volcanic rocks and ash, the volcanic rock is porous allowing rainwater collected in Chyullu hills to flow to Mzima springs, it takes about twenty-five years for the water to reach the Spring.
A lot of water life exists in the Mzima springs, hippopotamuses, Nile crocodiles, and fish live in the Mzima springs. Trees search as date, raffia palms, strawberries, and figs grow around the lake, the fruits are a source of food to monkeys.
One can go to the Mzima spring and see underwater creatures in a glass-like container.
Shetani Lava flow in Tsavo West National Park
200 years ago in Tsavo west national park, a volcanic eruption took place, and Lava spewed from the earth, this caused the people to think that it is an act of the devil because they believed that God could not do such a thing. They called the place Shetani meaning devil in the Kiswahili language.