Tsavo East National Park
- Location and size of Tsavo East National Park
- Why you should visit Tsavo East National Park
- Big five wildlife in Tsavo East National Park
- Attractions points in the Tsavo East National Park
Location and Size of Tsavo East National Park
Thousands of travellers every year travel from other continents to visit the Tsavo East National Park; it is the oldest park and the largest in Kenya, It covers approximately 13,747 square Kilometers, This national park was established in 1948. This national park is one of the wilderness parks in Kenya. It is in this park when the British Army had camped dung the construction of the Kenya Uganda railway. A lodge is now at the place of the Campsite Ngutuni Lodge.
Accessing Tsavo East National Park by road
The national park is found in the Busy Nairobi Mombasa highway, from Mombasa to Voi, it will take about two hours and 40 minutes but sometimes you may take a longer time because of the many trucks and trailers from Port of Mombasa to Nairobi. The first gate is at the Bachuma (Bachuma Gate) from Mombasa to Bachuma is about ninety-five kilometres you will take about one hour and forty minutes, from Mombasa to Voi Gate is about two hours and forty minutes about two hours and forty minutes If you are coming from Malindi (C103) you will use the Salla gate, the Salla gate is one hundred and six kilometres from Malindi, It will take you one hour and thirty-one minutes to arrive at the Salla gate.
The best season or time to visit Tsavo East National park depends on what you would like to see, If you would like to see many animals you will need to come during the peak seasons, these months are dry months, they are January to March and July to November, they are very hot months. Trees will have shed their leaves by this time but many birds will have migrated. During the offpeak time is when you will be able to see many wild animals because the trees will have many leaves, it is the best time for seeing birds, however, malaria will be plenty because of the mosquitoes. Off-peak months to visit Tsavo are April to June and November and December.
Why should you visit Tsavo East National Park?
Tsavo national park is part of the Tsavo conservation area which covers Tsavo East National Park, Tsavo West National Park, and the Amboseli National Park. Tsavo East National park has a lot of wildlife; it is considered to be ten times bigger than the Masai Mara famous where you can go for migration safari You will see more wildlife in the Tsavo East National Park than in the Masai Mara and other national parks in Kenya.
Wildlife in Tsavo East National Park
If you have watched documentaries and seen the red elephants, or the maneless lions, probably the documentary was shot in this National Park. If you are lucky you will see all the big five wildlife in this park.
The big five wildlife animals are the animals that are considered to be very dangerous, these big five animals are lions, elephants, leopards, rhino and buffalos. They are all very aggressive mammals and intelligent. If we add other four wildlife animals to the big five we will have the big nine wildlife animals, the big nine animals of Kenya
Red dust elephants in Tsavo East National park
The largest mammals on earth live in the theatre of the wild ( Tsavo East National Park) the red dust elephants, these elephants are unique because they have adapted to live in a semi-arid area, Tsavo receives rainfall twice a year, sometimes it doesn’t rain for almost two years when it does not rain in a year this the ecosystem becomes very hostile for mammals in the park the mammals have to adapt to the environment, that is one of the reasons wild animals and birds migrate.
These elephants have adapted to this type of environment, they can eat grass, backs of trees, and fruits like the watermelons. During a very hot day, you will see them at the water holes or the river banks looking for precious commodities.
Tsavo East National park has a characteristic of very red soil, the elephants spread themselves with the red soil during the day, and this helps them in cooling the temperatures of their body, it also help in protecting the body from harmful insect. When you enter the get of Tsavo East National park you can see these big animals walking in the bushes, during the day you can find them at the waterholes around some of the lodges there.
Big five wildlife: Lions, elephants,lepards,rhino and hipopotamuses .
Lions are the biggest cats on earth today, the family of lions is called a pride, the pride of lions can have many lionesses, cubs, and a lion, sometimes mature lions form a coalition of two lions or more to protect their territories, the territory of a lioness is smaller compared to that of a lion. In Masai Mara there is a coalition of five lions, they are now called the five brothers.
Sometimes the lionesses live without a lion, when the lionesses have hunted and killed prey they share with the rest of the pride, usually, lions are ranking animals and the strong ones will eat first. There is no friendship when it is time to eat, if they don’t have enough meat, they will hunt again until all members have had their share. Lions killed their prey by suffocating and sucking blood. Before they go hunting, the lion or the lioness will roar to bring other family members together.
Lions have a mane that grows around their neck, the mane is used to protect the male when they are fighting for territories.
In Tsavo East National Park we have a kind of lions that don’t have the mane, they are called the mane-less lions. People believe that they don’t have the mane because of the hush weather conditions of Tsavo, these kinds of mane-less lions are the kind of lions that killed a total of 135 railways construction workers in Tsavo West National Park they famous known as man-eaters of Tsavo.
Leopards are not very friendly like the cheetahs, they are very hostile animals, they spend most of their time on trees and come down only to hunt or drink water. They use the trees to look for their prey, once they have seen the prey; they come down stock and kill it. The powerful jaws and neck help them to kill drag the prey to the nearby tree. The claws help them to climb trees carrying their carcasses.
Buffalos in Tsavo East National Park
Buffalos are wild animals that look like a domestic cows, however, don’t try to come close to them because they are very hostile animals and can gore you until you are dead. They are always in groups of about two hundred, they are good browsers. One lion can’t kill a full-grown buffalo. All buffalos are not very active during the day because they are short-sighted, they become very active during the night. During the day they can use smell to identify the predators that could be around them.
Hilora’s in the Tsavo East National Park
Tsavo East National park is home to the most endangered antelope called Hilora, these kinds of antelopes are very beautiful wild animals, they were brought here for conservation, they were first found between Kenya and Somali, the number of this kind of antelopes is not more than 500 in the world, this makes these animals in critical danger. They are very brown antelopes, with very sharp horns, they have a very long tail which is white in colour, they also have white marks on their faces. These kinds of antelopes don’t give birth to twins like the dik-diks. The Hiloras population declined because of poaching, diseases, droughts because they are eaten by other animals.
Visit these sites in Tsavo East National Park
Have you been to the world’s largest lava flow? The largest lava flow in the world is called the Yatta Plateau, it is found here in Kenya, covers over about three hundred Kilometers(300KM), from the ground it rises to about one hundred meters (100m), it starts from Oldoyo Sabuk around Nairobi. If you are new to this place you could be asking yourself what activities you can do in this Park.
The activities that you can do in this park are walking safari, nature walk birding, and game drive.
This wilderness park does not receive a lot of water sometimes, during the creation God had a plan for this national park, which has two rivers, the seasonal Voi river and Gallana river flowing in this national park, the park has two dams one is natural and the other is man-made. Mudanda rock; is the natural water catchment area in the park, it stores water during the rainy season, a lot of wildlife comes here during the dry season to quench their thirst. The meaning of Mudanda in the local Taita language is dry meat. It is an attraction point where you will see a lot of wildlife during the dry season when they come to drink water. It is a destination choice for many who love to see wildlife and many games drives almost end here. Groups of elephants plus other thousands of wildlife in the Tsavo east need water each day, an elephant alone can take about 210 litres per day, so water is highly needed in the national park.
In 1952 Aruba Dam was constructed with an aim of preserving water for wildlife, the dam receives its water from the seasonal Voi river. In Aruba dam you can see a lot of wildlife, you can do fishing activities the closest lodge here is the Aruba Lodge. Even though most of the park is dry, there are two major water points in River Galana, these water points keep crocodiles and hippopotamus.
A home of Aligator crocodiles in the Park
There are other two major points in the park you should not miss seeing them, one of the points is the Crocodile point. Crocodiles are reptiles that look like lizards, they can swim very well in water, mostly they come out of the water for sunbathing, these animals have a tongue that cant role, one surprising thing about crocodiles they can replace each of their teeth 50 times in their lifespan, they can live up to 70 years they can lay up to 70 eggs, which incubate after about 80 days, the mother will protect her eggs during the incubation period, the female will not eat much just like an indigenous chicken will do when is incubating, Crocodile point is a death point why? Because a crocodile will hide in the water waiting for an innocent animal coming to quench its thirst, and suddenly it will jump catch the prey to the water, drowning it and killing it mercilessly, making the water turning red. Surprisingly though they have no fins and large they are very good swimmers and powerless when they are on land because they are very heavy.
The second most crucial point is Hippo point or the hippopotamuses point, hippopotamuses are very dangerous mammals that can live in water and on land, in a twenty-four-hour, they spend about sixteen hours underwater and eight hours out of the water, they can stay in water for five minutes underwater without taking breathing, can also mate and give birth underwater, hippopotamuses are also very territorial mammals, why they cause many deaths during the Masai Mara migration. If they bite a crocodile, believe me, the crocodile will be in two pieces in a second, they can open their mouth wide almost to anaconda. The hippo or hippopotamuses’ teeth sharpen themselves, the teeth can grow to one and a half feet.
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