Red Dust elephants of Taita Taveta county

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Tsavo East National Park is the largest National Park in Kenya and Africa. It is bigger than the Masai Mara National Reserve. Common animals that you will find are Tsavo East and Tsavo West are the big five. The big five include Red dust elephants, lions, leopards, African buffaloes and rhinos.

Red dust elephants of tsavo
Red dust elephants are big five wildlife animals in Tsavo East National Park
  1. Story of big five wildlife
  2. Why are the Tsavo Elephants red in colour
  3. Gestation period of a red dust elephant
  4. When do red dust elephants reach maturity
  5. Why are red dust elephants in danger
  6. Who are conserving the red dust elephants
  7. Importance of Red dust elephants in Tsavo National park
  8. Book a safari : See the Red dust elephants

Story of big five wildlife wildlife

One day in Africa, the big five wildlife animals were in the heat on the same day. The red dust elephant, the buffalo, the lioness, the leopard and the rhino. After one hundred and ten and days the leopard gave birth to three cubs. Five days later the lioness gave birth to four cubs. After two hundred and twenty days the buffalo birth a calf, hundred and ten days after the buffalo has given birth the rhino gave birth to a beautiful calf.

The lioness, leopard, buffalo and rhino started to mock the elephant. The leopard said “I have three cubs and can climb trees, where is your calf?”, the lioness said “I have four cubs, one will soon grow and become a king of the jungle. The buffalo Said “My calf can run faster than you”, The rhinoceros said “Soon we will be numerous than you”. The elephants looked at them and said ” When my calf is born everyone will come to see my babe. It will be a gigger baby. African red dust elephants are the African Savannah elephants, are the largest elephants in the world. red dust elephants are found in Kenya Tsavo East National Park and Tsavo West National Park.  

Why are the T elephants red in colour

Tsavo National Parks is a semi-arid national park, most of the time the national park is very day. The soil in the national park is red in colour. During the dry season, the elephants will spread red soil on their skin using their trunks. The reason why they spread red soil is that they want to keep parasites like tsetse flies away from their body. It also cools the big beasts of Africa. During the rainy seasons, they will spread red mad on their skin.

A bull red elephant can weigh 6,300 kilograms. A cow can weigh 3,600 kilograms. An Elephants can use its trunk for smelling, holding, drinking water, lifting, sound production. The trunk can expand contract and can move in any direction.  Red dust elephants have very poor eyesight during the day. Red dust elephants can smell objects at very far distances. They can smell water from a distance of 12 miles (19 KM), In most cases, you will see them very busy at night. When they have fully grown red dust elephants can drink about 210 litres of water per day.

Elephants drinking water in Kenya near voi  in a place to stay
A red dust elephant in a water hole

Gestation period of an elephant

The gestation period of a red elephant takes 22 months, when the calf is born other red elephants form a circle as a sign of love, they welcome the new member of their family. The cow is very defensive, she will be very aggressive most of the time, this is to protect her calf from predators.

Here come the baby elephants

Lions are very notorious when it comes to hunting, if lions found a stray calf of a red elephant they will kill and eat the calf of a red dust elephant.  

When do elephants reach maturity?

The elephants reach maturity when they are fifteen years but will keep growing until they are twenty years.   Bulls will leave the family at fifteen years of age but the cows will continue to live in the same family. At 15 years the bull doesn’t engage in mating until they reach twenty years.  The bulls leave the family because they do not want to mate with their siblings, however, if they reach maturity while they as still in the same family, siblings will mate.

  An elephant that has just given birth is the most dangerous one because it is protecting the calf from predators.  An elephant cannot attack another mammal when the other animal is in its shelter. If it happens red elephants have killed a human being, they will pull down heavy trees and cover the corpse. If Africa, if elephants do something like this people, will say, the elephant has performed a burring ceremony just what human beings do.

Why are elephants in danger:Crush Ivory

Tonnes of ivory that were burned in Nairobi Kenya at Nairobi National Park

There is evidence in the holy bible that ivory was used in decorating palaces, In the days of King Solomon 1 Kings 10:18 “Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the best gold”, this scripture clearly tells us that ivory which comes from elephants was used for decorating the palace furniture. Today many people driven by the emotion of power and fame would like to have items in their homes furnished with ivory. Africans had not been using ivory for decoration until civilization came to Africa. Poaching of wildlife is practiced in Africa but the market is in Asia. Kenya’s government and other development partners are against poaching.

Who are conserving the elephants in Tsavo National Park?

World wide fund Kenya has been taking care of orphaned elephants for 49 years now. The Kenya government on the other hand has been busy protecting red dust elephants and other wildlife through the Kenya wildlife service. Kenya’s government has burned tonnes of ivory twice in In the Nairobi National Park, a total of 11 tonnes were burned at the Ivory burning site. This has increased the population of elephants in Kenya, Today there are about 34,000 elephants in Kenya from 16,000 in 1990.

Importance of red dust elephants

cow dung of red dust elephants
Beetles use red dust elephant drooping to lay their eggs

Red dust elephants play a very important role in the ecosystem they live in. Elephants are very intelligent wildlife animals, elephants will use their trunk during the dry season to dig for water. This is not only important to the elephants but also to other wildlife animals who will depend on the water.

Only half of what they eat is digested, which means that their droppings have very high nutritional value to plants in the ecosystem. Most insects like beetles highly depend on droppings for food.

Because only half of what they eat is digested, the elephants help in food dispersal, this helps in balancing the ecosystem.

birds feeding on seeds from the doping of red dust elephants
Birds eating undigested seeds from red dust elephants dung

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