The African continent is the home of much wildlife, it is a beautiful continent and many take a long journey to come to Africa to see many of this wildlife, there are five animals which many people love to see because they are unique animals, in shape, the size they are aggressiveness and very intelligence,this animals are also very dangerous. The big five wildlife animals that are discussed here together hippopotamuses, giraffes, zebras and the cheetahs form what we call the big nine wildlife animals . All the big five wildlife animals need to be protected from poaching and ivory trade.
African elephants or Loxodonta africana
2013 as I was traveling from Voi to Mombasa town along the Mombasa Nairobi highway I was privileged to see the largest wildlife animals in Africa. Tt was somewhere near a place to stay in Tsavo East National Park, Ngutini Lodge, these beast were brown in color and were eating some grass, all the passengers in the Matatu turned to look through the windows of the van to see the red dust elephants of Tsavo , It was the first time I had seen an elephant; I was surprised to see that they were red in colour because the ones I had been seeing in pictures were black.
In Twenty fifteen I was living in a remote place in Taita Taveta County in a village called Kishushe, it was on December holidays and many farmers were about to harvest the maize in their farms, My brother called Me to see the huge elephants that were browsing in the farm at night, It was the first time I saw the Matriarch. A matriarch is cow that leads the herd during migration or in search for water and pasture.
After one year or two, the Matriarch will lead other elephants to the same route she had used during migration. An elephant when gets pregnant it takes about two years before they give birth, at the time of birth calf weighs about 90 kilograms.
In Kenya, the population of elephants is estimated to be thirty-four thousand. The number of elephants had reduced very much in the late ’90s which made the Kenyan government intervene, many animals were poached and thousands of elephants died. Eleven tones of ivory were burned by the Second president of Kenya in 1989 and he also decreed a shoot-to-kill order to anyone found poaching wildlife in the only national Park found in a city, the Nairobi national park l which is also home to some endangered black rhinos. The adult elephants weigh about 1.8 tons to 6.3 tones, a female may weigh between 2.7 tons to 3.6 tones, and they can consume about 13630 kilograms and about 210 liters per day. They do not see very well during the day but can smell items at very far distances.
Elephants are very intelligent mammal; they can differentiate between a motorbike and bicycle when motorbike revolution came to Kenya in around 2008, elephants were not afraid of people riding on bicycles because are harmless, but they were afraid of motorbikes when it makes the vroom noise.
Sometimes along the Nairobi – Mombasa highway in one of the wildlife corridors, you might see many elephants distracting small vehicles, you won’t see them distract large trucks from the port of Mombasa.
Lions or Panthera leo
The first time I knew about lions was when I was growing up and I saw a movie called Elsa acted in South Africa; it was an orphaned cub that a farmer had kept after she had killed her mother. It lived with humans until he had to train it and release her to the wild.
They are the largest cats on earth and live in a pride, each pride has one male and many females, and the lioness is the most dangerous when it comes to hunting, lions hunt mostly in the morning and evening because they don’t want to spend wasting a lot of energy during the day. A mature lioness will be on heat for two days most of the time she is the one that initiates the mating, once the eggs are fertilized the lions will take one hundred and ten days before she perpetuates, she will not mate again for a year. During the annual Masai Mara wildebeest migrations safari, they will go for Zebras because they love their meat so much.
Do lions eat human beings? Man-eaters of Tsavo West
Lions also eat human beings In 1898 lions had eaten about 135 railway construction workers in the man-eaters historic site, the victims were carried to a cave about 1.5 kilometers from the Campsite, Colonel Petersen used a bait (zebra) to kill the two man-eating lions in Kenya If you are in Tsavo East National Park or Tsavo West National Park you can stay at the man-eaters camp near the man-eaters historic site. A similar incident happened in Mfuwe in Zambia, the lion killed six villagers in 1990, there are two types of lions, the maneless lions, and the common lions, the maneless lions are found in the Tsavo East National Park.
Leopards or Panthera pardus
They love to stay on trees and only come to the ground to hunt, they are very fierce and very angry animals, they are not like lions when they are hunting, some people compare them with tiger sharks in the Indian ocean because of the way they attack other animals, they can kill ten animals yet they can eat only one, the rangers always say that it is very dangerous to meet a Leopard than to meet a charged buffalo, male and female also have territories, however, the territory of a male leopard will be larger than the female. The cubs are born with the ears and eyes closed.
During the construction of the standard gauge railway in Kenya, a terrible incident happened in Kenya in Tsavo West National park, near man-eaters, railway construction workers from the china roads and bridges that were constructing the new standard gauge railway, cut down a very large tree during the day when they tried to clear some bushes using the bulldozers.
Unfortunately, the leopard had her cubs on the trees; the felling of the tree killed the two cubs during the day. Later that night a guard was positioned to look after the bulldozer that night. During the night he came out of the bulldozer for a call of nature.
The leopard seeing him jumped to him and killed him, other workers only heard him screaming, they took him to the nearest hospital in Voi, unfortunately, he succumbed to death.
Buffalos or Bubalus bubalis
It was in twenty eleven when I and my friends visited Haller Park in Mombasa city in Kenya, Haller Park is found in Bamburi near Nyali, it abandoned quarry a mining company had mined limestone. This was the first time I saw a buffalo, A buffalo is a large black mammal that looks like a cow, it is actually bigger than the largest cow in the world. The horns are about one and a half meters long; the legs are very huge and strong.
Rhinoceros or rhinos
Rhinoceros also know as Rhinos are wildlife animals that live in Africa, they are big five animals, rhinos when they are in the wild are consider to be dangerous wildlife animals. The population of rhinos when down when people started to kill them because of their hones.
In Kenya there are two types of rhinos, the white rhinos and the black rhinos. The black rhinos look smaller than the black rhinos, An adult white rhinos weighs about 2300 kilograms, a black rhino weights about 2300 kilograms, all rhinos can run at a speed of 50 kilometres per hour. Rhinos have a lifespan of 40 to 50 years. You can see the white rhinos at Nairobi National Park and black rhinos are found in Tsavo West National park and Tsavo East National Park.
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